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2020-09-04

Subject and object identifier tool|Subject and object identification|English grammar part-1


subject identifier tool



Subject and object identifier|Subject and object identification|English grammar part-1


A sentence has two parts:
  1. Subject
  2. Predicate
[Note: Subject এবং Object খুজে পেতে হলে আগে Verb কে চিনতে হবে। কারন প্রশ্ন করব যাকে তাকেই যদি না চিনি তাহলে উত্তর পাবো কোথায়?]

Subject Identification:

   A subject always be Naming word. It can be Noun/Pronoun/Noun Phrase [Subject সবসময় নাম হবে অর্থাৎ Noun জাতীয়]।
   A subject is a word what a sentence tells about [বাক্যে যার সম্পর্কে বলা হয় সেটাই Subject].
   Its answer the question Who or What [একটা বাক্যে verb+বাকি অংশকে Who or What দ্বারা প্রশ্ন করলে যে উত্তর পাওয়া যায় সেটায় Suject].
       ব্যাক্তিবাচক হলে Who দ্বারা প্রশ্ন করতে হবে আর বস্তুবাচক হলে What দ্বারা প্রশ্ন করতে হবে।
   [Note: Subject always comes before the verb]


|Subject of a sentence|Subject identifier tool|English grammar part-1|




 Examples:
  1. The boy plays football.
    Question: Who plays football?
    Answer: The boy.

  2. Rahim is a teacher.
    Question: Who is a teacher.
    Answer: Rahim.

     [Note: সম্পর্ক, নাম জাতীয়, প্রশ্ন]

  3. A computer is an electronic machine.
    Question: What is an electronic machine?
    Answer: The computer.

  4. The flying birds are flying in the sky.
   Question: Who are flying in the sky?
   Answer: Birds
   [Note: Here The flying is an Adjective and it is called Present participle]
   The flying can not be Subject because it is an Adjective. Because we know Subject always be Noun/Noun Phrase/Pronoun.

  5. The students in the classroom of the school at the end are very noisy.
    Question: Who are very noisy?
     Classroom চিল্লাইতে পারে?
     The School চিল্লাইতে পারে?
     The End চিল্লাইতে পারে?
     Who are very noisy?
   Answer: The Students

  6. He reads the holy Quran daily.
      Q: Who reads?
      A: He

  7. My friend is a doctor.
      Q: Who is a Doctor?
      A: My friend

  8. The boy in the blue shirt is my friend.
      Q: Who is my friend?
      A: The boy.

  9. The Father tells his son about The Zoo of Rajshahi.
      Q: Who tells?
      A: The father

  10. The boy Gave his Girlfriend a flower.
       Q: Who Gave?
       A: The boy

      [Note: Question: What do the sentences tell about?
       Answer: The Sentences tell about the Subject]
 
Predicate
   Predicate comes after the Subject [সাবজেক্ট এর পরের অংশকে Predicate বলা হয়].
   Verb and Object is a part of Predicate [অর্থাৎ Predicate এর মধ্যে থাকে Verb এবং Object].
  [Note: উপরের সবকয়টি বাক্যে Subject এর পরের অংশ লক্ষ্য করো । কারন Subject এর পরে যা আছে ওইটাই Predicate.]

 Verb: যে word দ্বারা কাজ করা বোঝায় তাকে Verb বলে।

Object identification

 There are two types of Objects in English grammar.
  1. Direct Object.
  2. Indirect Object.

 Subject+Verb কে  What, Whom দ্বারা প্রশ্ন করে যে উত্তর পাওয়া যায় তাকে Object বলে।

   What answers the question of Direct object.
   Whom answers the question of a direct object sometimes and sometimes answers the question of Indirect object.


direct object  identification


Direct object Identifier:
 The direct object always be Naming word just like Subject.
 Direct object receives the action of a verb Directly.


 Direct object Examples:
  1. The boy plays football.
     Question: What does the boy play?
     Answer: Football.
  [Note: Subject এবং Object দুইটি ভিন্ন বস্তু। Subject+Verb কে What দ্বারা প্রশ্ন]

  2. A computer is an electronic machine.
     Question: What is the computer?
     Answer: An electronic machine [Noun Phrase].

  3. Shahid bought Sefa a ring.
     Q: What did shahid buy?
     A: a ring

  4. He reads the holy Quran daily.
      Q: What does he read?
      A: the holy Quran

  5.  The boy Gave his Girlfriend a flower.
       Q: What did the boy Give?
       A: Flower
Indirect Object Identifier:
 The indirect object also be naming word but it receives the action of a verb indirectly.
 Indirect object - Direct object এর আগেও বসতে পারে আবার পরেও বসতে পারে
 [Note: যদি কোনো বাক্যে Auxiliary verb টাই Principal verb হয় তাহলে সেই বাক্যের Object টি Indirect Object]
 [Note2: Preposition এর Object হয় Indirect object]

 Indirect object Examples:
  1. I am a Student.
     Question: Who am I?
     Answer: A student.
    [Note: Subject+Verb কে Who প্রশ্ন]

  2. The mother feeds her child milk.
     Question: To Whom does the mother feed?
     Answer: her child.

 3. The flying birds are flying in the sky.
     Ans: the sky [Preposition এর Object]
     [Note: মনে রাখবেন Preposition এর Object হয় Indirect Object.]


 4. The boy Gave his Girlfriend a flower.
       Q: To Whom did the boy Give?
       A: his girlfriend
 5. John bought Jemmy a ring.
     Question: For Whom Did John buy?
       Answer: Jemmy
 6. Payel takes a book from Mina.
    Question: From whom did Payel take?
      Answer: Mina

  I think you understand. You should understand because it is so easy. Practice more sentences. If you have any problem so you
  can ask me by giving your comment.
 Now answer these two questions:
 1. A man who can die for you.
    Question: For Whom a man can die?
    Answer: you.
  What type of Object it is?
   a. Direct object
   b. Indirect object
 2. Rafi is going to school.
    What is the object of this sentence?
    What type of object it is?

   a. Direct object

   b. Indirect object

Give your answer by Comment. Just through Your comment, I will try to answer your comment.

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    Query Solve:
     1. Subject and object identifier.
     2. types of sentences.
     3. subject identification.
     4. example of the subject in a sentence.
     5. direct and indirect object in English grammar.
     6. direct and indirect object examples.

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